a | Hypergeometric | Fisher's exact | 95% CI = 1.4–491.2 |

b | Hypergeometric | Fisher's exact | 95% CI = 23.8–58.0 |

c | Hypergeometric | Fisher's exact | 95% CI = 3.2–1229.8 |

d | Approximately normal | Welch *t* test | 95% CI = −3.3 to −1.6, alternative hypothesis: true difference in means is not equal to 0 |

e | Non-normal | Empirical *p* value | NA |

f | Non-normal | Spearman rank correlation | NA |

g | Approximately normal | Welch *t* test | NA; no specific *p* values reported, rather a group of genes under a specified *p* value threshold |

h | Approximately normal | Welch *t* test | 95% CI = −3.0 to −0.1, alternative hypothesis: true difference in means is not equal to 0 |

i | Approximately normal | Welch *t* test | 95% CI = −1.3 to −0.1, alternative hypothesis: true difference in means is not equal to 0 |

j | Approximately normal | Welch *t* test | 95% CI = 0.3–1.6, alternative hypothesis: true difference in means is not equal to 0 |

k | Approximately normal | Welch *t* test | NA; no specific *p* values reported, rather a group of genes above a specified *p* value threshold (e.g., not significant) |

l | Approximately normal | Welch *t* test, one-sided (due to specific prior hypothesis as to direction of effect; results still significant using a two-sided test at a threshold of α = 0.05) | 95% CI = 0.1 to ∞], alternative hypothesis: true difference in means is not equal to 0 |

m | Non-normal | χ^{2} test of ODS counts | NA |