Data structure | Type of test | Power | |

1* | Normal distribution | Two-tailed Student’s t test | 15% |

2 | Normal distribution | Two-tailed Student’s t test | 11% |

3 | Normal distribution | Two-tailed Student’s t test | 12% |

4 | Normal distribution | Two-tailed Student’s t test | 5% |

5 | Normal distribution | Two-tailed Student’s t test | 20% |

6 | Normal distribution | Two-tailed Student’s t test | 10% |

7 | Normal distribution | Two-tailed Student’s t test | 10% |

8 | Normal distribution | Two-tailed Student’s t test | 10% |

9 | Normal distribution | Two-tailed Student’s t test | 11% |

10 | Normal distribution | Two-tailed Student’s t test | 12% |

11 | Normal distribution | Two-tailed Student’s t test | 3% |

12 | Normal distribution | Two-tailed Student’s t test | 5% |

13 | Normal distribution | Two-tailed Student’s t test | 25% |

14 | Normal distribution | Two-tailed Student’s t test | 7% |

15 | Normal distribution | Two-tailed Student’s t test | 3% |

16 | Normal distribution | Two-tailed Student’s t test | 11% |

17 | Normal distribution | Two-tailed Student’s t test | 23% |

18 | Normal distribution | Two-tailed Student’s t test | 3% |

19 | Normal distribution | Two-tailed Student’s t test | 13% |

20 | Normal distribution | Two-tailed Student’s t test | 4% |

21 | Normal distribution | Two-tailed Student’s t test | 72% |

22 | Normal distribution | Two-tailed Student’s t test | 9% |

23 | Normal distribution | Two-tailed Student’s t test | 35% |

24 | Normal distribution | Two-tailed Student’s t test | 9% |

25 | Normal distribution | Two-tailed Student’s t test | 26% |

26 | Normal distribution | Two-tailed Student’s t test | 3% |

27 | Normal distribution | Two-tailed Student’s t test | 12% |

28 | Normal distribution | Two-tailed Student’s t test | 4% |

29 | Normal distribution | Two-tailed Student’s t test | 11% |

30 | Normal distribution | Two-tailed Student’s t test | 11% |

31 | Normal distribution | Two-tailed Student’s t test | 5% |

32 | Normal distribution | Two-tailed Student’s t test | 8% |

33 | Normal distribution | Two-tailed Student’s t test | 6% |

34 | Normal distribution | Two-tailed Student’s t test | 100% |

35 | Normal distribution | Two-tailed Student’s t test | 80% |

36 | Normal distribution | Two-tailed Student’s t test | 100% |

37 | Normal distribution | Two-tailed Student’s t test | 28% |

38 | Normal distribution | Two-tailed Student’s t test | 3% |

39 | Normal distribution | Two-tailed Student’s t test | 10% |

40 | Normal distribution | Two-tailed Student’s t test | 4% |

41 | Normal distribution | Two-tailed Student’s t test | 3% |

42 | Normal distribution | Two-tailed Student’s t test | 3% |

43 | Normal distribution | Two-tailed Student’s t test | 8% |

44 | Normal distribution | Two-tailed Student’s t test | 5% |

45 | Normal distribution | Two-tailed Student’s t test | 5% |

46 | Normal distribution | Two-tailed Student’s t test | 6% |

47 | Normal distribution | Two-tailed Student’s t test | 6% |

48 | Normal distribution | Two-tailed Student’s t test | 8% |

*

**N**umbers in this column refer to the corresponding superscripted numbers following*p*values in Results.