Variable | Healthy controls | Migraine patients | Test statistic | p |
---|---|---|---|---|

Gender (F/M)
^{a}
| 14/4 | 13/4 | 0.008 | 0.930 |

Handedness (R/L)
^{a}
| 16/2 | 16/1 | 0.305 | 0.581 |

Age (years) | 38.89 ± 11.25 | 41.71 ± 12.20 | 0.505 | 0.482 |

Education level^{a} | 0.369 | 0.985 | ||

High school | 1 (5.6%) | 1 (5.9%) | - | - |

Some college | 2 (11.1%) | 2 (11.8%) | - | - |

Bachelors | 8 (44.4%) | 6 (35.3%) | - | - |

Masters | 4 (22.2%) | 5 (29.4%) | - | - |

Doctorate | 3 (16.7%) | 3 (17.6%) | - | - |

POMS (Total) | 37.11 ± 10.27 | 59.18 ± 16.79 | 22.28 | <0.001 |

Depress/Deject | 15.61 ± 1.14 | 17.35 ± 2.50 | 7.17 | 0.011 |

Tension/Anxiety | 12.94 ± 2.21 | 16.59 ± 4.18 | 10.55 | 0.003 |

Anger/Hostility | 12.72 ± 1.45 | 13.00 ± 1.87 | 0.243 | 0.625 |

Confusion/Bewilderment | 10.50 ± 1.79 | 13.00 ± 3.89 | 6.082 | 0.019 |

Fatigue/Inertia | 9.56 ± 2.62 | 14.82 ± 4.90 | 15.984 | <0.001 |

Vigor/Activity | 24.22 ± 6.91 | 15.59 ± 4.89 | 18.025 | <0.001 |

PCS (Total) | 7.94 ± 9.43 | 18.47 ± 8.62 | 11.835 | 0.002 |

MIDAS (Total) | 0.56 ± 1.20 | 71.71 ± 73.89 | 16.716 | <0.001 |

SFMPQ (Total) | 0.00 ± 0.00 | 7.53 ± 7.60 | 17.697 | <0.001 |

Descriptive statistical values are represented as percentages (%) or means ± SD for the healthy control and migraine patient groups. In cases where inferential statistics were also performed, the test statistic and corresponding

*p*value for the one-way ANOVA (*F*statistic) or Pearson’s chi-square test (χ^{2}statistic; indicated by^{a}*p*values for test statistics that reached significance are bolded. Abbreviations are as defined in the text.M, Males; F, females.