Conditions | Phase 1 | Phase 2 | ||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

Mean ± SD (%) | t_{(34)} | p value | Mean ± SD (%) | t_{(34)} | p value | |

Chair choices | 49.29 ± 13.69 | −0.31 | 0.76 | 42.62 ± 14.27 | −2.06 | 0.004 |

Plane choices | 49.37 ± 13.83 | −0.27 | 0.79 | 55.99 ± 14.59 | 2.43 | 0.021 |

Chair choices that led to Loss outcome | 51.03 ± 5.26 | 1.15 | 0.26 | 53.28 ± 10.21 | 1.90 | 0.07 |

Plane choices that led to Loss outcome | 48.86 ± 5.59 | −1.20 | 0.24 | 48.51 ± 6.69 | −1.31 | 0.19 |

In Phase 1, positive stimulus signaled a loss outcome and neutral stimulus signaled a no-loss outcome. In Phase 2, neutral stimulus signaled a loss outcome, and positive stimulus signaled a no-loss outcome. The

*t*_{(34)}and corresponding*p*values are based on a one-sample*t*test against the chance value (50%).