a | Non-normal distribution | Rank test for umbrella alternatives (i.e., RAIN) | n/a |

b | Nonlinear regression (sine) | Goodness of fit | n/a |

c | Non-normal distribution | Kolmogorov–Smirnov | n/a |

d | Non-normal distribution | RAIN | n/a |

e | Nonlinear regression (sine) | Goodness of fit | n/a |

f | Non-normal distribution | RAIN | n/a |

g | Nonlinear regression (sine) | Goodness of fit | n/a |

h | Non-normal distribution | Mann–Whitney | Rank sum: 36 vs 19, *U* = 4 |

i | Non-normal distribution | Mann–Whitney | Rank sum: 11 vs 10, *U* = 4 |

j | Non-normal distribution | Mann–Whitney | Rank sum: 8 vs 13, *U* = 2 |

k | Non-normal distribution | Mann–Whitney | Rank sum: 44 vs 11, *U* = 1 |

l | Non-normal distribution | Mann–Whitney | Rank sum: 43 vs 12, *U* = 2 |

m | Non-normal distribution | Mann–Whitney | Rank sum: 35 vs 10, *U* = 0 |

n | Non-normal distribution | Mann–Whitney | Rank sum: 30 vs 15, *U* = 0 |

o | Non-normal distribution | Mann–Whitney | Rank sum: 30 vs 15, *U* = 0 |