Dataset | Metric | Conditions | Paired median difference | MAD | 95% CI | p-value | |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

Figure 6 | |||||||

a | Binary noise (N = 40) |
I_{Bernoulli} | RH–ISI | 0.002 bits/spike | 0.003 | [0.000, 0.003] | 0.0092 |

b | Binary noise (N = 40) |
I_{Bernoulli} | CH–RH | 0.009 bits/spike | 0.008 | [0.004, 0.015] | 0.0002 |

c | Binary noise (N = 40) |
I_{Bernoulli} | CH–ISI | 0.004 bits/spike | 0.004 | [0.003, 0.009] | 0.0002 |

Figure 7 | |||||||

d | Gratings (N = 33) |
I_{Bernoulli} | RH–ISI | 0.030 bits/spike | 0.020 | [0.012, 0.047] | 0.0002 |

e | Gratings (N = 33) |
I_{Bernoulli} | CH–ISI | 0.049 bits/spike | 0.033 | [0.032, 0.080] | 0.0002 |

f | Gratings (N = 33) |
I_{Bernoulli} | CH–RH | 0.020 bits/spike | 0.014 | [0.006, 0.027] | 0.0002 |

Figure 8 | |||||||

g | Gratings (N = 33) |
I_{Bernoulli} | Q4–Q1 | −0.005 bits/spike | 0.041 | [−0.047, 0.003] | 0.353 |

h | Binary noise (N = 39) |
I_{Bernoulli} | Q4–Q1 | 0.001 bits/spike | 0.007 | [−0.001, 0.004] | 0.396 |

Figure 9 | |||||||

i | Anesthetized (N = 27) | Absolute difference | Gratings–noise 100 ms | 0.031 | 0.016 | [0.018, 0.039] | 0.0002 |

j | Anesthetized (N = 27) | Absolute difference | Gratings–noise 30 ms | 0.008 | 0.007 | [0.002, 0.012] | 0.0004 |

CIs are derived from 5000 bootstrap resamples and are bias corrected and accelerated;

*p*-values are derived from paired-permutation tests with 5000 permutations. For details, see Materials and Methods.