Data structure | Type of test | Effects | Statistic | p Value | Effect size | |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

US expectancy | ||||||

Acquisition | ||||||

a | Normal | ANOVA | ME: o | F_{(3,109)} = 12.491 | 6.764E-7 | η^{2}_{p} = 0.247 |

b | Normal | ANOVA | GEN | F_{(1,38)} = 28.360 | 0.000005 | η^{2}_{p} = 0.427 |

c | Normal | ANOVA | ME: g | F_{(1,38)} = 7.310 | 0.010 | η^{2}_{p} = 0.161 |

d | Normal | ANOVA | o × g INT | F_{(3,109)} = 1.133 | 0.338 | η^{2}_{p} = 0.029 |

e | Normal | ANOVA | MEX | F_{(1,38)} = 4.796 | 0.035 | η^{2}_{p} = 0.112 |

Extinction | ||||||

f | Normal | ANOVA | ME: g | F_{(1,38)} = 0.621 | 0.436 | η^{2}_{p} = 0.016 |

g | Normal | ANOVA | o × g INT | F_{(3,113)} = 1.363 | 0.258 | η^{2}_{p} = 0.035 |

h | Normal | ANOVA | MEX | F_{(1,38)} = 6.660 | 0.014 | η^{2}_{p} = 0.149 |

Delayed recall (day 2) | ||||||

i | Normal | ANOVA | ME: g | F_{(1,36)} = 0.688 | 0.412 | η^{2}_{p} = 0.019 |

j | Normal | ANOVA | o × g INT | F_{(3,100)} = 1.172 | 0.323 | η^{2}_{p} = 0.032 |

k | Normal | ANOVA | MEX | F_{(1.36)} = 3.090 | 0.087 | η^{2}_{p} = 0.079 |

Valence and arousal | ||||||

Acquisition | ||||||

i | Normal | ANOVA_{Val} | ME: o | F_{(3,96)} = 7.756 | 0.000272 | η^{2}_{p} = 0.170 |

m | Normal | ANOVA_{Aro} | ME: o | F_{(3,100)} = 10.928 | 0.000008 | η^{2}_{p} = 0.223 |

n | Normal | ANOVA_{Val} | GEN | F_{(1,38)} = 12.352 | 0.001 | η^{2}_{p} = 0.245 |

o | Normal | ANOVA_{Aro} | GEN | F_{(1,38)} = 19.587 | 0.000078 | η^{2}_{p} = 0.340 |

p | Normal | ANOVA_{Val} | ME: g | F_{(1,38)} = 1.221 | 0.276 | η^{2}_{p} = 0.031 |

q | Normal | ANOVA_{Val} | o × g INT | F_{(3,96)} = 1.502 | 0.224 | η^{2}_{p} = 0.038 |

r | Normal | ANOVA_{Aro} | ME: g | F_{(1,38)} = 1.248 | 0.271 | η^{2}_{p} = 0.032 |

s | Normal | ANOVA_{Aro} | o × g INT | F_{(3,100)} = 1.658 | 0.187 | η^{2}_{p} = 0.042 |

t | Normal | ANOVA_{Val} | MEX | F_{(1,38)} = 9.228 | 0.004 | η^{2}_{p} = 0.195 |

u | Normal | ANOVA_{Aro} | MEX | F_{(1,38)} = 7.325 | 0.010 | η^{2}_{p} = 0.162 |

Extinction | ||||||

v | Normal | ANOVA_{Val} | ME: g | F_{(1,38)} = 1.810 | 0.186 | η^{2}_{p} = 0.045 |

w | Normal | ANOVA_{Val} | o × g INT | F_{(3,117)} = 0.647 | 0.590 | η^{2}_{p} = 0.017 |

x | Normal | ANOVA_{Aro} | ME: g | F_{(1,38)} = 0.355 | 0.555 | η^{2}_{p} = 0.009 |

y | Normal | ANOVA_{Aro} | o × g INT | F_{(3,112)} = 0.437 | 0.724 | η^{2}_{p} = 0.011 |

Delayed recall (day 2) | ||||||

z | Normal | ANOVA_{Val} | ME: g | F_{(1,36)} = 0.074 | 0.788 | η^{2}_{p} = 0.002 |

aa | Normal | ANOVA_{Val} | o × g INT | F_{(3,96)} = 0.216 | 0.864 | η^{2}_{p} = 0.006 |

bb | Normal | ANOVA_{Aro} | ME: g | F_{(1,36)} = 0.239 | 0.628 | η^{2}_{p} = 0.007 |

cc | Normal | ANOVA_{Aro} | o × g INT | F_{(3,100)} = 0.121 | 0.938 | η^{2}_{p} = 0.003 |

SCRs | ||||||

Acquisition | ||||||

dd | Normal | ANOVA | ME: o | F_{(3,96)} = 14.856 | 3.1057E-7 | η = 0.281^{2}_{p} |

ee | Normal | ANOVA | GEN | F_{(1,38)} = 31.987 | 0.000002 | η^{2}_{p} = 0.457 |

ff | Normal | ANOVA | ME: g | F_{(1,38)} = 0.931 | 0.341 | η^{2}_{p} = 0.024 |

gg | Normal | ANOVA | o × g INT | F_{(3,96)} = 0.833 | 0.461 | η^{2}_{p} = 0.021 |

Extinction | ||||||

hh | Normal | ANOVA | ME: g | F_{(1,38)} = 1.170 | 0.286 | η^{2}_{p} = 0.030 |

ii | Normal | ANOVA | o × g INT | F_{(3,117)}= 0.921 | 0.435 | η^{2}_{p} = 0.024 |

Delayed recall (day 2) | ||||||

jj | Normal | ANOVA | ME: g | F_{(1,38)} = 0.002 | 0.965 | η^{2}_{p} = 0.00005 |

kk | Normal | ANOVA | o × g INT | F_{(3,116)}= 1.483 | 0.222 | η^{2}_{p} = 0.038 |

ssVEPs | ||||||

Acquisition | ||||||

ll | Normal | ANOVA | ME: o | F_{(4,137)} = 5.696 | 0.000479 | η^{2}_{p} = 0.130 |

mm | Normal | ANOVA | GEN | F_{(1,38)} = 8.447 | 0.006 | η^{2}_{p} = 0.182 |

nn | Normal | ANOVA | o × g INT | F_{(4,137)} = 1.042 | 0.384 | η^{2}_{p} = 0.027 |

Extinction | ||||||

oo | Normal | ANOVA | ME: g | F_{(1,38)} = 2.957 | 0.094 | η^{2}_{p} = 0.072 |

pp | Normal | ANOVA | o × g INT | F_{(4,147)} = 0.418 | 0.790 | η^{2}_{p} = 0.011 |

Delayed recall (day 2) | ||||||

Normal | ANOVA | ME: g | F_{(1,38)} = 5.354 | 0.026 | η^{2}_{p} = 0.123 | |

rr | Normal | ANOVA | o × g INT | F_{(3,122)} = 0.556 | 0.657 | η^{2}_{p} = 0.014 |

Table shows statistical analyses including

*p*value and effect size for each memory outcome measure, separated by learning phase. For each outcome measure, we calculated repeated-measures ANOVAs with the CS orientation as the within-subject factor and the group (in-phase group vs out-of-phase group) as the between-subject factor. Successful conditioning (i.e., increased response toward the CS^{+}respective of group) was validated by the main effects of orientations (noted in the column effects as ME: o). To account for the specific symmetric generalization pattern (CS^{+}in the middle), additional generalization contrast fits were used (noted as GEN). The main effects of group (ME: g) and group × orientation interactions (o × g INT) addressed differences between in-phase and out-of-phase conditioning. Better grating discrimination versus stronger generalization across orientations are described by a Mexican Hat contrast fit for the group × orientation interactions (MEX). ANOVA, Mixed repeated-measures ANOVA; ME, main effect; o, orientation; η^{2}_{p}, partial η^{2}; g, group; MEX, Mexican Hat contrast fit of orientation × group interaction; INT, interaction; GEN, generalization fit; Val, valence; Aro, arousal.