a | Normal distribution | Unpaired two-sample *t* test | Arom^{+} neurons: *n* = 46 male, 47 female | *p* = 0.36, *t* = 0.91, df = 82 |

b | Normal distribution | Unpaired two-sample *t* test | Arom^{+} neurons: *n* = 46 male, 47 female | *p* = 0.27, *t* = 1.12, df = 76 |

c | Normal distribution | Unpaired two-sample *t* test | Arom^{−} neurons: *n* = 31 male, 34 female | *p* = 0.83, *t* = 0.22, df = 57; |

d | Normal distribution | Unpaired two-sample *t* test | Arom^{−} neurons: *n* = 31 male, 34 female | *p* = 0.32, *t* = 1.01, df = 54 |

e | Normal distribution | Mixed-model ANOVA: (current step, sex of animal) | *N* = 14 male mice; *N* = 15 female mice | df = 10,1,10; *F*(current) = 3.32,*F*(sex) = 2.8, *F*(interaction) = 0.29;*p*(current) = 0.0004, *p*(sex) = 0.095,*p*(interaction) = 0.98 |

f | Normal distribution | Mixed model ANOVA: (current step, sex of animal) | *N* = 14 male mice; *N* = 15 female mice | df = 10,1,10; *F*(current) = 2.37,*F*(sex) = 0.43, *F*(interaction) = 0.34;*p*(current) = 0.01, *p*(sex) = 0.51,*p*(interaction) = 0.97 |

g | Normal distribution | Mixed model ANOVA: (current step, cell type: arom^{+} vs arom^{−}) | *N* = 14 male mice; *N* = 15 female mice | df = 10,1,10; *F*(current) = 4.75,*F*(cell type) =9.78, *F*(interaction) = 0.91;*p*(current) < 0.00001, *p*(cell type) = 0.0018,*p*(interaction) = 0.52 |

h | Normal distribution | Unpaired *t* test | *N* = 14 mice (6 female; 8 male) | p < 0.00001, *t* = 17.6, df = 20 |

i | Normal distribution | Unpaired *t* test | *N* = 7 mice | *p* = 0.41, *t* = 0.88, df = 8 |

j | Normal distribution | Unpaired *t* test | *N* = 14 mice (6 female; 8 male) | *p* < 0.00001, *t* = 21.4, df = 16 |

k | Normal distribution | Unpaired two-sample *t* test | *N* = 8 male mice; *N* = 6 female mice | *p* = 0.93, *t* = 0.08, df = 12 |

l | Normal distribution | Unpaired two-sample *t* test | *N* = 8 male mice; *N* = 6 female mice | *p* = 0.04, *t* = 2.22, df = 12 |

m | Normal distribution | Unpaired two-sample *t* test | *N* = 8 male mice; *N* = 6 female mice | *p* = 0.24, *t* = 1.2, df = 9 |