Table 3.

Clusters identified by the whole-brain voxel-wise analysis [trained orthography (HouseFont) vs untrained orthography (KoreanFont), pre-training to post-training]


Cluster location
Cluster size (voxels)Peak coordinates (x,y,z)
Left superior parietal lobe (BA7)418–28, –64, 44
Left precentral/inferior frontal gyrus (BA6/BA8)322–49, 2, 14
Right posterior cerebellum23317, –64, –22
Left thalamus/left caudate nucleus197–7, –13, 14
Right caudate9517, 14, 14
Left medial frontal gyrus (BA6)95–1, 14, 44
Left middle frontal gyrus (BA46)81–43, 29, 20
Left middle temporal gyrus (BA19)*72–49, –61, 17
Left fusiform gyrus (BA37)68–40, –49, –10
Left insula (BA13)65–31, 17, 11
  • All clusters were identified with a corrected p = 0.05. Coordinates are in Talairach space.

  • BA, Brodmann area; * indicates the cluster that displayed more activation during pre-training.